Global cancer cases under 50 jumped 80%, mainly in breast, trachea, and prostate cancer. Scientists call on young people in high-risk groups to pay attention to prevention and carry out early cancer-related examinations.
Boston, MA (The CTP News) – As the second foremost cause of death globally, cancer claims the lives of roughly 10 million individuals on an annual basis. Previously, we thought that cancer was more likely to occur in people over 55, but this is not necessarily the case now. Due to changes in modern diet and lifestyle, scientists have found that the age at which cancer occurs is getting younger. According to a recent study, researchers have found a surge in the number of people under the age of 50 being diagnosed with cancer. Cancer is no longer exclusive to the elderly. Young people are also likely to develop cancer if they ignore their physical condition.
The younger age of cancer is a common phenomenon around the world. Scientists call cancer diagnosed in adults under 50 (inclusive) “early-onset cancer.” From 1990 to 2019, new cancer cases among people under 50 increased by approximately 80% globally. It said the number of “early-onset cancer” cases has risen nearly 80% in the past three decades. Among them, breast cancer accounts for the highest proportion, and nasopharyngeal and prostate cancer have the fastest growth rates. The research was published in BMJ Oncology.
More than 1 million people under 50 die from cancer yearly, expected to increase by 21% by 2030. “Early-onset cancer” has become a common problem around the world. Why are more and more young people who have cancer? Scientists believe genetic factors may be the reason, but poor diet and lifestyle habits are also important. For example, obesity, lack of exercise, high blood sugar, excessive salt intake, frequent consumption of red meat, fried, grilled, or pickled foods, and even smoking and drinking may promote the development of “early-onset cancer.”
But people don’t need to be too nervous. Cancer grows slowly. Through “regular screening,” early detection and treatment can reduce mortality. Taking “breast cancer” as an example, having a “breast cancer X-ray examination” every two years can reduce breast cancer mortality by 41%; for women over 30 years old, having a “smear test” every three years can reduce cervical cancer by 70%—mortality rate.
In addition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is also essential. Although scientists still don’t know much about the causes of early-onset cancer, studies have found that dietary habits, alcohol consumption, and smoking significantly impact such cases. Encourage young people to control their weight, exercise appropriately, abstain from tobacco and alcohol, avoid ultra-processed foods, and live a sedentary lifestyle. Maintaining a healthy diet, taking appropriate outdoor activities, and not smoking or drinking can reduce the burden of “early-onset cancer.”